The Netherlands, a country in northwestern Europe, is known for its flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills, and cycling routes. Amsterdam is the Capital of the Netherlands. With its famously scenic canals, rich history, and iconic cultural scene, Amsterdam is one of the world's most vibrant cities. It is home to the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, and the house where Jewish diarist Anne Frank hid during WWII. Canalside mansions and a trove of works from artists including Rembrandt and Vermeer remain from the city's 17th-century "Golden Age."